Brahms: Byzantine Resilient Random Membership Sampling

Jan 1, 2008

Abstract: We present Brahms, an algorithm for sampling random nodes in a large dynamic system prone to malicious behavior. Brahms stores small membership views at each node, and yet overcomes Byzantine attacks by a linear portion of the system. Brahms is composed of two components. The first one is a resilient gossip-based membership protocol. The second one uses a novel memory-efficient approach for uniform sampling from a possibly biased stream of ids that traverse the node. We evaluate Brahms using rigorous analysis, backed by simulations, which show that our theoretical model captures the protocol’s essentials. We study two representative attacks, and show that with high probability, an attacker cannot create a partition between correct nodes. We further prove that each node’s sample converges to a uniform one over time. To our knowledge, no such properties were proven for gossip protocols in the past. Download: Brahms PODC.pdf ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Copyright © 2012 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or

  • PODC, Toronto, Canada